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Lei Liang

Five Seasons

pipa, string quartet (2010)
Duration17'
MovementsI. Dew-Drop
II. Water-Play
III. Cicada Chorus
IV. Leaves-Fall
V. Drumming
CommissionCommissioned by the Shanghai Quartet and Wu Man, made possible by Meet the Composer and by the Chamber Music America
PremiereSeptember 12, 2010; Peak Performances; Montclair State University, Upper Montclair, NJ; Wu Man, pipa; Shanghai Quartet
PublisherSchott Music

Media

Program Note

The ancient Chinese devised a system of five phases (wuxing, also known as five elements) to describe generative and destructive interactions in nature. Each element is correlated to a season: the element wood is correlated to spring, fire to summer, metal to autumn, water to winter. In addition, the fifth element, earth, is correlated to changxia, or long summer, which is the transitional phase between summer and autumn.

In this composition, five chords are chosen from the ancient sheng (mouthorgan) repertoire, now preserved in the gagaku music of Japan. These harmonies are foreshadowed in the second section, then appear in continuous succession – from extremely slow to extremely fast – serving as the harmonic basis of the last three sections.

The piece starts with “dew-drop,” the image of ice melting in early spring, evoked by pizzicatos. The water drops converge into streams and rivers, symbolized by rapid pulsations in the “water-play” section. The middle section of the piece recalls the “cicada chorus” that I heard in the long and hot summer days in Beijing where I grew up. This section is followed by the fall season where downward bending notes of the strings capture the image of “leaves falling” in slow motion. The Chinese pronunciation of winter, dong, is homonymous to drumming sound, therefore the piece concludes with the quintet imitating percussions. The end of the piece may link back to the beginning of the piece, reflecting the cyclical nature of seasons.

Five Seasons was completed during the rainy season in Osaka, Japan.

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Piano Reduction and solo parts (Digital)

Full Score (3 scores needed for performance) (Digital)

Full Score (3 scores needed for performance) (Print)

Parts (Mov. 11 only) (Print)

Full Score (4 needed for performance) (Print)

Choral Score Set - 20 copies (Print)

Full score and Solo Part (Digital)

Full Score/Violin Part (Digital)

Full Score/Violin Part (Print)

Conductor Score (Print)

Score and part (Print)

Score and part (Digital)

Choral Score Set - 16 copies (Print)
Includes 8 copies of the soprano/alto part and 8 copies of the tenor/bass part.

Chamber Ensemble Score (Print)

Choral Booklet (Print)

Choral Booklet (Digital)

Full Score/Performance Score (includes 3 copies) (Print)

Full Score/Performance Score (includes 3 copies) (Digital)

Full Score/Performance Score (2 required for performance) (Print)

Full Score/Performance Score (2 required for performance) (Digital)

Piano reduction and solo part (Print)

Video and instructions (Digital)

Study Score in Two Volumes (Print)

Piano/Vocal Score (Print)

Piano/Vocal Score (Digital)

Score and Parts (Digital)
Score and part PDF files are delivered via email upon receipt. Any electronic files associated with the work are included with every purchase.

Full Score (Digital)
A PDF file of the full score is delivered via email upon receipt.

Soprano/Alto Part (Print)

Full Score (Print)
A print edition of the score ships to the customer's address upon receipt.

Tenor/Bass Part (Print)

Parts (Digital)
A PDF file of the part(s) is delivered via email upon receipt.

Parts (Print)
A print edition of the part(s) ship to the customer's address upon receipt.

Solo Instrument Score (Digital)
A score PDF file is delivered via email upon receipt. Any electronic files associated with the work are included with every purchase. An email containing a link to download the electronic files is sent to the customer's email address.

Full Score/Performance Score (Digital)
The full score serves as a performance score for all players. A score PDF file is delivered via email upon receipt. Any electronic files associated with the work are included with every purchase. An email containing a link to download the electronic files is sent to the customer's email address.

Score and Parts (Print)
A print edition of the score and part(s) ship to the customer's address upon receipt. Any electronic files associated with the work are included with every purchase. The email containing a link to download the electronic files is sent to the customer.

Solo Instrument Score (Print)
A print edition of the score is shipped to the customer's address upon receipt. Any electronic files associated with the work are included with every purchase. An email containing a link to download the electronic files is sent to the customer's email address.

Full Score/Performance Score (Print)
The full score serves as a performance score for all players. Print edition(s) of the full score/performance score are shipped to the customer's address upon receipt. Multiple copies are included if the work has more than one player. Any electronic files associated with the work are included with every purchase.

Choral Score (Digital)
A PDF file of the choral score is delivered via email upon receipt. The set is priced to allow multiple copies of the PDF to be printed for performance by the purchasing organization only.

Study Score (print) (Print)

Study Score (print) (Digital)

Choral Score Set- 8 copies (Print)
Minimum order quantity is 8 copies. Single copies are not available.

SATB choral score (Print)

Vocal Score (Digital)

Vocal Score (Print)

Choral Score (Print)

Full Score and Solo Part (Print)
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Mezzo-soprano, 2 tenors, baritone score (Print)

Study Score (Print)

Study Score (Digital)

SATB choral score (Digital)

Mezzo-soprano, 2 tenors, baritone score (Digital)