|Text information||libretto by John Patrick Shanley, after his play and film|
|Movements||opera in 2 acts|
|Commission||Commissioned by the Minnesota Opera|
|Premiere||January 26, 2013; St. Paul, MN, Ordway Center for Performing Arts; Minnesota Opera • Conductor: Christopher Franklin · Staging: Kevin Newbury · Costumes: Paul Carey · Stage design: Robert Brill|
|Roles||Father Flynn · baritone - Sister Aloysius · dramatic soprano - Mrs. Miller · mezzo-soprano - Sister James · mezzo-soprano|
|Instrumentation||1(pic).1(ca).2(2.bcl).asax(tsax, barsax).1-18.104.22.168-timp.2perc(glsp, crot, xyl, vib, mar, sleigh bells, tri, sus cym, lg sus cym, h.h, cow bell, tam-t, tamb, bng, s.d, tom-t, b.d, brake d, chimes, guiro, ratchet, claves, wdbl, wind machine, mark tree, shaker, slapstick, tin cans)-pno(cel)-str|
The story, taut and exacting, reflects the changes and dislocations of the times through four distinctly wrought, complex but absolutely recognizable characters, each grappling with their own uneasy feelings that come as the cultural and moral ground beneath them begins to give way. Gender politics, race relations and the role of the church; questions about personal responsibility, doubt, right and wrong are all brought to bear here – issues that are no less vital today than they were 45 years ago. So much in Doubt is about what is unsaid, what is continually running beneath the surface, which I see as an invitation to music.
Douglas J. Cuomo